Muharram


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Sheikh Toosi r.a. asked to be fasted for the first 9 days of Muharram, but not on 10th Muharram, however, don't take anything untill the pray time of Asr. After Asr time eat a little Khak-e-Shifa (Dust from Kerbala).
Syed r.a. asked to be fasted for the entire month of Muharram, but not on 10th Muharram.
Some Ulema says that the fast for 10th Muharram is Makrooh (not obliged) while some says that it is Haram (totally prohibited).

Muharram 1

Night Amaal

  • Offer 100 rakaat pray, where in each rakat recite Sura Fateha and Sura Ikhlaas.
  • Offer 2 rakaat pray, where in first rakat recite Sura Fateha and Sura Inaam while in second rakat recite Sura Fateha and Sura Yaseen.
  • Offer 2 rakaat pray, where in each rakat recite Sura Fateha (1 time) and Sura Ikhlaas (11 times).

Day Amaal

  • It is the first day of Islamic calendar. You should observe fast (if you have offered night amaal and observed fast in the day, it will be equivalent to that person who has performed only the good efforts throughout the year). Your all wishes will come true, if you observe this fast.
  • Narrated from Imam Ali Raza a.s. that Prophet Muhammad pbuh was used to offer two rakaat pray on this day and recited this DUA three times by raising hands towards sky.

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Muharram 3

Prophet Yousuf a.s. was released from prison on this day.
Prophet Muhammad pbuh said that all of your Dua will be accepted by Allah j.j. if you observe fast on this day.


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Muharram 9

This day is also called Roz-e-Tasoo'a.
Imam Jafer Sadiq a.s. said that on this day Ibn-e-Merjana (lanat-ul-Allah Aleh) and Umer Saad (lanat-ul-Allah Aleh) got the confidence that they will martyr Imam Hussain a.s. They were analyzing that there is no one who can help Imam Hussain a.s. including Iraqi people. They were more happy because of their large number of soldiers while Imam Hussain a.s. had a little number of relatives/companions.


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Muharram 10

Night Amaal

Wake all night and worship that is equivalent to the worship of all angels. Also narrated that the worship in this night is equivalent to 70 years worship.
Prefer to stay in Kerbala, Iraq. Try to be as close as possible to the Roza of Imam Hussain a.s. when waking in this night, so that you may be counted among the companions of Imam Hussain a.s.

  • It is called Shab-e-Ashoor.
  • Offer 2 rakaat pray where in each rakat recite Sura Fateha (1 time) and Sura Ikhlaas (3 times).
  • After finishing pray, recite this DUA 70 times.
  • Offer 4 rakaat pray where in each rakat recite Sura Fateha (1 time) and Sura Ikhlaas (50 times).
  • At the last part of night, offer 4 rakaat pray where in each rakat recite Sura Fateha (1 time), Ayat-ul-Kursi (10 times), Sura Touheed (10 times), Sura Falaq (10 times) and Sura Naas (10 times).
  • After finshing pray, recite Sura Ikhlaas 100 times.

Day Amaal

This is called Youm-e-Ashoor, the martyrdom day of Imam Hussain a.s. and his companions. It is better to mourn as much as possible. Don't do any other job, even don't go to your office/business. Organize Majalis and Matam, same as you do when your closest relative dies.

When Prophet Moosa a.s. was directed to meet with Prohpet (probably) Khizer a.s. by Allah j.j, then the first thing discussed between them was the details of event of Kerbala and both of them mourn a lot on it.

Narrated from Ibn-e-Abbas r.a. that Imam Ali a.s. showed him a written document (which was dictated by Prophet Muhammad pbuh and written by Imam Ali a.s.) when he was at place ZeeQaar with Imam Ali a.s. This document contains all details of the event of kerbala including the names of martyrs and enemies. Imam Ali a.s. and he mourned a lot when Imam read some parts from this document.

It is better to be as close as possible to the Roza of Imam Hussain a.s. and offer water to drink. It is equivalent to if you offered water to Imam Hussain a.s. and his companions.

Allama Majlisi r.a. narrated not to observe fast on 9th and 10th Muharram. Since Bani Umaya and their followers always insist to be fasted on these days and they have also produced some fake Hadees from Prophet Muhammad pbuh for it, however, all Ahlay Bait a.s. had prohibited fast on 9th and specially 10th day.

Bani Umaya also produced many fake information just to show that 10th Muhrram is a very good day, such as, Prophet Adam a.s. was forgived, Prophet Younus a.s. came out from the stomach of fish, Namrood's fire was cold, boat of Prophet Nooh a.s. was stopped on joodi, Prophet Eisa a.s. escapped from Jews, Firon and his companions were died on this day, etc. All of it is fake, there is no proof for these sort of information. These are produced just to prove that this day is a very good day for many prophets. They have also produced some fake DUAs to recite, be sure that the reciting of those DUAs is almost Haram (totally prohibited). One example of these prohibited DUAs is here.

Must not be fasted on 10th Muharram, but don't drink and eat anything uptill Asr pray time. Its called Faqa. Don't collect/store food items for the year as Bani Umaya were used to do, don't smile, don't play, don't talk a lot, don't involve in any business activity, but mourn and disgrace the enemies of Imam Hussain a.s.

Behave just as someone very close to you has died.

  • Recite this Ziarat-e-Ashoora of Imam Hussain a.s.
  • Now recite THIS.
  • Recite Sura Ikhlaas 1000 times.
  • Recite Dua-e-Ushraat.
  • Disgrace the enemies of Imam Hussain a.s. by reciting THIS.
  • Near the end of the day, condolence to Ahlay Bait a.s. and recite this Ziarat.

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Muharram 25

Most probably it is the martyrdom day of Imam Zain-ul-Abideen a.s. in 94 Hj.
However, some Ulema says it was on 12th Muharram 95 Hj.


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